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Making Complex Switches

Our Electrical for Visio and Electronics for Visio stencils contain many different switch types, from simple schematic shapes via abstract shapes for electrical installations to various types of switches for process control. However, switches can be complex creatures and whatever standard shapes we supply will never be adequate for the more discerning user. Hence, we provide shapes with which you can make your own complex switches.

All the shapes below were created using the electro-mechanical stencil from our Electronics for Visio stencils installed into Visio 2003 Standard. The Snap and Glue settings used while creating these shapes were:

snap and glue settings

One customer had a requirement for various switches for car electrical diagrams ...

1. On/off switch

on/off switch

Create this shape as follows:

  1. Add shape "Switch wiper 2" to the drawing, rotate it to the appropriate angle, duplicate it, do a Flip Horizontal on the shape, set its line pattern to type 9, move it so that the lower ends glue together.
  2. Add 2 "Switch contact 2" shapes to the drawing, move them to the common and right-hand contact locations and glue to the wiper shapes.
  3. Draw the two vertical line shapes using the line drawing tool, glueing one end to each of the filled contact shapes.
  4. Add 2 "Switch contact" shapes, glueing to the other ends of the lines.
  5. Add a "Switch container" shape, send it behind the other shapes using Order -> Send to Back, then move and resize it around the switch components, then set its line pattern to 11.
  6. Select the whole lot, and group. Job done.

on/off switch

2. Push-button

push button

Create this shape as follows:

  1. Add a "Switch contact", a "Switch contact 2" and join with a vertical line using the drawing tool. Duplicate these 3 shapes and align them horizontally.
  2. Add a "Switch wiper 1", move and resize ito above the filled contacts, duplicate and move copy vertically below previous shape, set line pattern to 9.
  3. Duplicate the upper wiper shape, rotate to vertical, duplicate again, move and resize to create button verticals, then duplicate again, move and resize to create button top.
  4. Drop a Triangle shape from the "Basic Shapes" stencil onto the diagram, move, resize and fill.
  5. Add a "Switch container" shape, send it behind the other shapes using Order -> Send to Back, then move and resize it around the switch components, then set its line pattern to 9.
  6. Select the whole lot, and group. Job done.

push button

3. Hi-Lo-beam dipper switch

dipper switch

Create this shape as follows:

  1. Copy "On/off switch" and rotate it through 90°.
  2. Ungroup, resize the container, duplicate the contacts, realign the two switch wiper shapes.
  3. Duplicate a wiper, move and resize to create wiper blade.
  4. Duplicate a wiper twice, move, rotate and resize to create button, and again to create button top.
  5. Add text to contacts, use the Text Block tool to resize, rotate and locate text
  6. Select the whole lot, and group. Job done.

dipper switch

4. Indicator switch

indicator switch

Create this shape as follows:

  1. Copy "Hi-Lo-beam dipper switch" and rotate it through 90°.
  2. Ungroup, remove text from terminals, remove button lines and wiper blade.
  3. Move right-hand wiper into vertical position, move left-hand wiper so it connects to edge.
  4. Duplicate left-hand wiper, move and connect. Adjust shapes to improve symmetry.
  5. Select the whole lot, and group. Job done.

indicator switch

5. Relay

relay

Create this shape as follows:

  1. Drop 4 "Switch contact" shapes and align.
  2. Drop "Relay coil" on page and resize to suit.
  3. Add "Relay pole" shape, move, glue to "Relay coil" and resize.
  4. Add "Contactor" from switches stencil, resize and locate to suit. Glue pole to switch.
  5. Add all four connectors.
  6. Add "Switch container", send to back, set line pattern, resize and move to suit.
  7. Add text to each terminal, then use text block tool to move and rotate text.
  8. Add "Switch container" for pin layout, resize to suit.
  9. Add left-hand vertical line, resize and move to suit. Add text "30", use text block tool to resize and move text.
  10. Duplicate for pins 85, 86 and 87.
  11. Select each block in turn and group.

relay

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